Argument defends a certain point of view through writing or speech. Usually called a “claim” or a “thesis,” this point of view is concerned with an issue that doesn’t have a clear right or wrong answer. Argument might tackle issues like abortion, capital punishment, stem cell research, or gun control. However, what distinguishes an argument from “report” writing is that the argument must take a stance; if you’re merely summarizing “both sides” of an issue or pointing out the “pros and cons,” you’re not really writing an argument.

Academic arguments usually “articulate an opinion.” This opinion is always carefully defended with good reasoning and supported by plenty of research. Part of learning to write effective arguments is finding reliable sources (or other documents) that lend credibility to your position. It’s not enough to say “capital punishment is wrong because that’s the way I feel.”

In this module, you will create an argument paper.

Learning Objectives

After successfully completing this module, you should be able to:

  1. Identify the elements of an argument writing.
  2. Create an argument writing using the writing process.